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Musculoskeletal health – a public health approach

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Arthritis Research UK is seeking to transform the conversation about musculoskeletal conditions.

For too long, the focus has been on the end stages of musculoskeletal disease – treating them when they're at their most severe. We'd like to see a change: promotion of lifelong healthy bones, muscles and joints.

Arthritis Research UK is committed to a world free from the pain of arthritis. Something can be done, at every age and at every stage. We must address how we reduce the risk of developing a musculoskeletal condition, alongside how we reduce the impact of these painful conditions once they've developed.

Awareness of the link between healthy lifestyles and musculoskeletal health is low, particularly for people already living with the pain and disability of arthritis or back pain.

We need to challenge these misconceptions and explode the myth that nothing can be done about arthritis.

Our guide, Musculoskeletal health – a public health approach (PDF 3 MB), presents a new way of thinking about musculoskeletal conditions. Everyone can do something to improve and maintain the health of their bones, joints, muscles and spine, at every age:

  • Increasing physical activity and keeping a healthy weight can markedly reduce the risk of developing a musculoskeletal problem.
  • For those with a musculoskeletal condition, lifestyle changes can substantially reduce the impact of the condition, at every stage of the disease.

Arthritis Research UK is calling for those responsible for health nationally and locally to transform the information, resources, facilities and support people need so they can take steps to improve their musculoskeletal health.

At the core of our public health approach to musculoskeletal health is physical activity. Remaining active is one of the best things anyone can do for their musculoskeletal health.


  • Local and national population health assessments must include musculoskeletal health (in particular in JSNAs and JHWS).
  • Programmes targeting lifestyle factors such as obesity and physical activity should explicitly include impact on musculoskeletal health.
  • Health promotion messages should emphasise the benefits of physical activity to people with musculoskeletal conditions.
  • Public health activity must be underpinned by high-quality data about musculoskeletal health.

Read the speech given by lead author Dr Benjamin Ellis at the launch event for the report here. (PDF 235KB)

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