How does the shoulder work?
The main shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket joint, which allows a very wide range of movement. There’s also a smaller joint where the top of the shoulder blade meets the collarbone. Read more
What causes shoulder pain?
Shoulder pain can have several possible causes, including inflammation, arthritis, muscle strain or tension, or the pain may result from a neck problem. Read more
Should I see a doctor about my shoulder pain?
If your shoulder pain doesn't improve after about two weeks, see your doctor. Go straight to your doctor if you develop severe pain in both shoulders, have pain in your hips or thighs and feel unwell. Read more
What can I do to help myself when I have shoulder pain?
There are several ways that you can help yourself if you have shoulder pain, including using painkillers and ice, watching your posture and exercising your shoulder. Read more
Specific shoulder problems
Shoulder pain may be caused by inflammation of tendons, tears to the muscles or a problem in the neck (referred pain), but may also be related to arthritis or other, more generalised inflammatory conditions. Read more
How are specific shoulder conditions diagnosed?
Your symptoms and a shoulder examination should help a healthcare professional plan your treatment but your doctor may suggest tests if they think you may have arthritis or to rule out other conditions. Read more
What treatments are there for shoulder pain?
If your shoulder pain doesn’t improve with simple medications there are a number of treatments available, including physical therapies, steroid injections and, in severe cases, surgery. Read more
Exercises to manage shoulder pain
Exercises to stretch, strengthen and stabilise the structures that support your shoulders. Read more