There are about 200 different musculoskeletal conditions. Arthritis is a term used by doctors to describe inflammation within a joint, while rheumatism is a more general term that's used to describe aches and pains in or around the joints. Because there are many possible causes of these pains doctors don't often use the term rheumatism and will usually refer to these problems either by a specific diagnosis or according to the part of the body affected. Doctors sometimes use the term 'musculoskeletal conditions' or 'the rheumatic diseases' to refer to a whole range of conditions that affect the joints.
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Acute calcific tendonitis
Acute CPP crystal arthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)
Calcium crystal diseases (pseudogout)
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Complex regional pain syndrome
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Foot and ankle pain
Giant cell arteritis (GCA)
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Immunoglobulin A vasculitis
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Osteoarthritis of the knee
Paget's disease of bone
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (knee pain in young adults)
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR)
Polymyositis and dermatomyositis
Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
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Hammer toes is a condition that causes your toes to become permanently bent and is often linked to poorly fitting shoes.
Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a type of vasculitis – inflammation affecting small blood vessels, which can cause a range of different symptoms including a skin rash and joint pain.
Hip pain is a very common problem but it’s not usually a sign of arthritis or any other underlying medical condition. We give details on causes of hip pain, treatments for it and self-help tips.