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A woman holding the back of her neck

There are about 200 different musculoskeletal conditions. Arthritis is a term used by doctors to describe inflammation within a joint, while rheumatism is a more general term that's used to describe aches and pains in or around the joints. Because there are many possible causes of these pains doctors don't often use the term rheumatism and will usually refer to these problems either by a specific diagnosis or according to the part of the body affected. Doctors sometimes use the term 'musculoskeletal conditions' or 'the rheumatic diseases' to refer to a whole range of conditions that affect the joints. 

Browse by letter for your condition


  • Nurse and patient at home

    Calcium crystal diseases (pseudogout)

    Calcium crystal diseases are caused by deposits of crystals in and around your joints. They can cause painful inflammation.

  • Two people holding hands

    Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Carpal tunnel syndrome causes pain or aching and tingling or numbness in your hand. We explain the causes, diagnosis and treatments, and the importance of self-help measures.

  • An older man with his hands on a cane

    Complex regional pain syndrome

    Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) causes persistent pain in an arm or a leg. We explain the symptoms, possible causes, diagnosis and treatments, and the importance of self-help measures.

  • Two people cutting up vegetables

    Cryoglobulin-associated vasculitis

    In cryoglobulin-associated vasculitis, proteins in the blood that stick together in the cold (cryoglobulins), can reduce the flow of blood or even block already inflamed blood vessels.


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