What are the possible risks and side-effects of denosumab?
Common possible side-effects include:
- occasional skin infections (cellulitis) at the site of the injection
- back pain
- arm and leg pain
- urinary tract infections
Less common side-effects include:
- low blood calcium – your blood levels will be checked before you start treatment
- osteonecrosis of the jaw – a condition where healing is incomplete following an invasive dental procedure. An area of bone is exposed through the gum and a small amount of bone dies. This condition is more common if you have cancer, are having chemotherapy or you have severe, recurrent dental infections and are having dental treatment.
- painful, partial or complete fractures in the upper, outer region of the thigh bone (femur) below the hip. Partial fractures are usually confirmed by a special diagnostic scan. The risk appears to increase the longer you've been taking these drugs, and may be greater if you're also having steroid treatment or have diabetes. However, it's still extremely rare.