There are about 200 different musculoskeletal conditions. Arthritis is a term used by doctors to describe inflammation within a joint, while rheumatism is a more general term that's used to describe aches and pains in or around the joints. Because there are many possible causes of these pains doctors don't often use the term rheumatism and will usually refer to these problems either by a specific diagnosis or according to the part of the body affected. Doctors sometimes use the term 'musculoskeletal conditions' or 'the rheumatic diseases' to refer to a whole range of conditions that affect the joints.
Find your condition
Acute calcific tendonitis
Acute CPP crystal arthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)
Calcium crystal diseases (pseudogout)
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Complex regional pain syndrome
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Foot and ankle pain
Giant cell arteritis (GCA)
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Immunoglobulin A vasculitis
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Osteoarthritis of the knee
Paget's disease of bone
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (knee pain in young adults)
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR)
Polymyositis and dermatomyositis
Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
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Paget’s disease affects the way your bone develops and renews itself, causing it to become weaker than normal. It can be symptomless. We explain a bit more about what causes it and how it’s diagnosed and treated.
Palindromic rheumatism is a type of inflammatory arthritis. It causes attacks of joint pain and inflammation which come and go. We explain what the symptoms are, who gets it and how it's treated.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome affects young adults and causes pain and a scratching, grinding sensation in the knee. We explain a bit more about what causes it and how it’s diagnosed and treated.
Plantar fasciitis is a condition that affects the heel of your foot. In this section we explain a bit more about the condition and we also suggest where you can get more information about foot pain.
Polyarthritis is a type of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) which affects multiple joints. We give you more information about its symptoms and suggest where you can find out more on JIA.
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a serious but rare form of vasculitis, which causes inflammation to medium-sized arteries, particularly those supplying blood to the gut and kidneys.
Polymyagia rheumatica (PMR) is a condition that causes severe stiffness and pain, mainly in your shoulders and hips. We explain the causes, diagnosis and treatments.
Myositis means inflammation of the muscles. In polymyositis, many muscles are affected. Dermatomyositis has similar symptoms to polymyositis but occurs with a skin rash. We explain the causes, diagnosis and treatments.
Psoriatic arthritis causes painful joint inflammation and is often linked with the skin condition psoriasis. We explain the causes, diagnosis and treatments.