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For more information, go to www.arthritisresearchuk.org

Specific shoulder problems

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Shoulder pain may be caused by inflammation of tendons, tears to the muscles or a problem in the neck (referred pain), but may also be related to arthritis or other, more generalised inflammatory conditions.

Acute calcific tendinitis

Sometimes calcium deposits can build up in a tendon, which can cause pain and restrict movement.

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Biceps tendinitis

Inflammation of the biceps tendon can cause pain when you move your arm forward or flex your elbow.

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Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)

A 'frozen' shoulder or adhesive capsulitis can cause severe pain and prevent you moving your shoulder.

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Osteoarthritis of the shoulder

Osteoarthritis can affect any joints, including the main shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) or the smaller joint where the shoulder blade meets the collarbone (acromioclavicular joint).

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Painful arc (impingement) syndrome

In painful arc (or impingement) syndrome, inflammation of the rotator cuff tendons may mean there isn't enough room for the tendons to move freely as you lift your arm away from your body.

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Polymyalgia rheumatica

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory condition that typically causes severe pain and stiffness in both shoulders and both hips, mainly in people over 50 or 60. It needs prompt medical attention as there can sometimes be complications.

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Referred neck pain

Sometimes problems in one part of the body can result in pain elsewhere (referred pain). Shoulder pain, for example, can sometimes be caused by a neck problem.

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Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory form of arthritis which often affects many different joints including the shoulder.

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Rotator cuff tear

The rotator cuff is a group of muscles in the shoulder which can sometimes tear, causing pain and restricting movement of the arm.

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Rheumatology groups publish classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica

05 Mar: Rheumatology groups publish classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica

The first ever classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica - a common inflammatory rheumatic disease of the elderly - have been produced to help doctors identify patients with the condition.

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